Minimizing Environmental Impact Through Procurement Practices
RRD has a depth of supply-chain expertise, and is a subject matter expert on environmentally preferable products. We believe we are uniquely capable of partnering with our customers to help minimize impact to the environment.
Responsible Forestry Management
RRD provides customers with a variety of supply options that protect forest ecosystem health. The Forest Stewardship Council® (FSC®), Sustainable Forest Initiative® (SFI®) and Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification (PEFC) all promote well managed forests, reforestation and continuous improvement in standards and practices. In addition, these independent organizations employ guidelines consistent with our sustainability principles to ensure customers of an environmentally sound sourcing process.
RRD pursues Chain-of-Custody certifications for each organization. CoC certification allows companies that manufacture and market forest products to label them with the respective brand. This allows consumers to identify products that provide an assurance of social and environmental responsibility on the part of the producer.
RPM (Regulated Products and Materials) Safety Specifications
We have developed comprehensive environmental specifications that are used in contracts with our vendors, suppliers and contractors.
Papers, Inks, Coatings, Adhesives, other Raw Materials and Finished Products
The RPM has been created to ensure that all materials purchased and finished products provided by RRD are compliant with applicable environmental requirements in the country of manufacture as well as a number of international regulations including, but not limited to:
- Conflict Minerals
- Consumer Product Safety Information Act (CPSIA)
- Endangered Species Act
- Ozone Depleting Substances (ODS)
- Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH),
- Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS),
- Toxics in Packaging Clearinghouse (TPCH)
- California Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act of 1986 (CA Proposition 65)
- U.S. Lacey Act.
As an assembler of these finished materials, RRD also confirms that it does not intentionally add any chemical components to final products supplied to our customers.
These specifications are available for review here.
We continue to explore ways to substitute more sustainable materials, from using inks that include soy, vegetable, or other renewable content, to making alcohol replacements in fountain solutions. We also make a range of recycled papers available to our customers.
Enabling Responsible Paper Choices
Customers Supply Majority of Paper Used for Finished Products, We Encourage Use of Recycled and Forest Management Certified Papers
Customers internationally turn to RRD to provide a broad range of services, including the manufacture of their custom printed products.
We work collaboratively with our customers and present a variety of specific paper and other options to them, but they ultimately determine the design and specifications of their custom products. It is their specifications that we follow as we produce materials. These specifications include their selections regarding the paper's brightness, shade, finish, quality, cost, and all other attributes.
Many people are surprised to learn how active our customers actually are in the paper supply chain. Approximately 75% of the paper that we convert into finished printed pieces is supplied to us by customers or arrives as a result of financial arrangements that customers make themselves.
Whether we use paper provided to us or procure it on our customers' behalf, as we collaborate with them, we encourage the use of paper with increased environmental attributes, including where practicable: paper with the highest amount of recycled fiber content, or fiber that is forest management certified. We also work with our customers to maximize recycled content, or the use of wood fiber sourced from forestry operations certified by the FSC®, SFI®, or PEFC, and as required by our customers, the use of paper products processed without chlorine or chlorine compounds in paper.
We also support our customers who wish to exclude fiber from sources by which they determine to be unacceptable. This may include fiber from unwanted sources as defined by forestry certification, including: fiber in violation of internationally accepted instruments and treaties protecting the rights of indigenous or forest-dependent people, high conservation value areas (e.g., areas of old growth and/or endangered forests and endangered species habitat), areas that have been converted from natural forests to plantations and other land uses after November 1994, and plantations using genetically-modified trees.
We make it a practice to offer environmentally-responsible paper to all of our customers throughout our supply chain.
This is possible because we have triple certified the majority of our print operations to the three most prestigious forestry management chain of custody (COC) certifications:
- Forest Stewardship Council® (FSC®)
- Sustainable Forestry Initiative® (SFI®)
- Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification (PEFC)
As we serve customers in the United States, we use papers that comply with the Lacey Act. Although the Lacy Act governs papers used in the U.S., it created a groundbreaking precedent: it supports other countries' efforts to responsibly manage their own natural resources. To learn more about the procedures, training, and controls RRD has in place to support compliance with the Lacey Act, please visit: Lacey Act.
COC Certified Locations
Note: For a listing of currently certified locations, please visit
our External Certifications Page.
FSC/SFI/PEFC Chain of Custody (COC) Certifications
RRD supports responsible forestry management through our site FSC®, SFI®, and PEFC COC certifications. When we began certifying our locations in 2004, a small number of locations in the U.S. were certified under FSC requirements. In 2007, after the SFI began an independent 3rd party COC certification we also began to certify locations to SFI/PEFC standards.
In order to allow for each RRD site to make the same level of environmentally-responsible paper options available, beginning in 2010 we transitioned to a single registrar. All RRD sites worldwide are included on a company level certificate managed by a single central office. This allows our customers a consistent process for using certified papers, regardless of where their product is produced.
Certified Paper Use
Reflecting the growth we have experienced in the number of RRD's triple certified sites maintained worldwide, our customer's use of certified paper has grown commensurately.
RRD recognizes all three certification systems and looks to improve performance across all of them. RRD uses FSC certified paper in our company materials where possible.
RRD has a long history of responsible use of natural resources. We are committed to the promotion of well managed forests and we frequently review our environmental policies and practices to improve our efforts to encourage sound and sustainable practices on a global level.
We are proud of our commitment to sustainable forest management and highlight this through our Corporate Social Responsibility Report and our Environmental, Health & Safety Policy. These materials share our efforts to continuously improve and to follow practices that endeavor to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, develop pollution prevention and recycling opportunities, and use paper, energy and other resources more efficiently. Please review these materials at www.rrd.com/about/sustainability/ for more detailed descriptions of our practices.
Forest Stewardship Council®
Certified Locations Throughout the World
Established in 1993, the Forest Stewardship Council® (FSC®) is an international non-for-profit organization that promotes environmentally appropriate, socially beneficial, and economically viable management of the world's forests. FSC developed the first independent system for forest products.
FSC Certification requires adherence to 10 Principles of Forest Stewardship that define good forest management. Applied worldwide, these principles are designed to ensure that water, soil, and wildlife are protected as raw materials are harvested and replenished.
All of RRD's U.S., Canada, and China printing facilities,as well as multiple locations in Mexico, South America and Europe have been FSC Chain of Custody (CoC) certified.
For a listing of current FSC CoC certified locations, please visit External Certifications.
For additional information regarding the FSC, please visit their website at: www.fscus.org
Sustainable Forestry Initiative
Locations Throughout the World
Non-profit SFI Inc. is a comprehensive, independent certification program that works with environmental, social and industry partners to improve forest practices in North America and fiber sourcing worldwide. More than 280 million acres / more than 110 million hectares are certified to the SFI forest management standard in North America – making it the largest single forest standard in the world. It is based on 14 core principles that promote sustainable forest management, including measures to protect water quality, biodiversity, wildlife habitat, species at risk, and Forests with Exceptional Conservation Value.
RRD is pursuing and achieving SFI Chain of Custody (CoC) Certifications at worldwide locations.
For a listing of current SFI CoC certified locations, please visit External Certifications.
For additional information regarding the SFI, please visit their website at: www.sfiprogram.org
Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification
Locations Throughout the World
The Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification (PEFC) is an independent, nonprofit, nongovernmental organization, founded in 1999, which promotes sustainably managed forests through independent third party certification.
Covering 149 governments and 85% of the worlds forest areas, the PEFC is a global organization designed to assess and recognize national forest certification schemes. Through the endorsement of national certification systems, PEFC motivates and enables people to manage their forests in a sustainable way and works to provide a market for the products of those forests.
RRD is pursuing and achieving PEFC Chain of Custody (CoC) certifications at worldwide locations.
For a listing of current PEFC CoC certified locations, please visit External Certifications.
For additional information regarding the PEFC, please visit their website at: www.pefc.org
Support Compliance with Lacey Act
What is the Lacey Act?
The Lacey Act is the oldest wildlife protection statute in the U.S. Its initial scope was to combat trafficking in illegal wildlife, fish and plants. In May 2008, the Act was amended to extend this protection to prohibit all trade in plant and plant products (e.g., furniture, paper or lumber) that are illegally sourced from any U.S. state or any foreign country.
- It is unlawful to import, export, transport, sell, receive, acquire or purchase (in interstate or foreign commerce) any plant taken in violation of U.S. or foreign law that protects plants.
- It is unlawful to falsify documents, accounts or records of any plant covered by the Act.
- It is unlawful to import certain plants and plant products without an import declaration.
The first two provisions of the Amendment took effect May 2008. The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) is working with a larger interagency group composed of representatives from U.S. Forest Service, Customs and Border Protection (CBP), U.S. Trade Representative (USTR), U.S. Department of Justice, U.S. Department of State, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS), Council on Environmental Quality, and Department of Commerce, to implement the new provisions.
Under the amended Lacey Act, beginning April 1, 2009, importers are required to submit a declaration for certain plants and plant products. The declaration must contain, among other things, the scientific name of the plant, value of the importation, quantity of the plant, and name of the country from which the plant was harvested.
Impact of Import Declaration enforcement on forest products including paper and pulp. Importers of wood-based products including printing paper and pulp will need to provide documentation, in the form of a declaration, showing compliance to the newly revised act. Specifically importers will be required to file an APHIS “Plant and Plant Product Declaration Form” (PPQ 505). The latest revised Phase-In Schedule of Enforcement of the Declaration Requirement for Goods of, or Containing, Plants or Plant Products was published the Federal Register (FR) on September 2, 2009 (74 FR 45415).
Commodities will be phased-in as follows:
- Currently only certain sections of the Harmonized Tariff Schedule (HTS) Chapters 44, 66, 82, 92, 93, 94, 95, & 97 are scheduled for enforcement of the declaration requirements. A full listing under the Phase In Schedule can be found at the following link: http://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/lacey_act/downloads/2008-0119.pdf
- Additional HTS chapters/subchapters are under consideration for subsequent phases that are scheduled to begin sometime after Sept. 1, 2010 which includes additional commodities listed under Ch. 44 (wood and articles of wood), Ch. 47 (wood pulp), and Ch 48 of the HTS (paper & articles of).
- If the above commodity subchapters are listed in the FR in the near future, we will have approximately 6 months from that time to determine what additional information RRD will need in order to comply.
- Importers of finished printed materials under HTS Chapter 49 Printed Books, Newspapers, Pictures and other products of the Printing Industry are not required to submit an Import Declaration at this time and have not been listed by APHIS for consideration for subsequent phases as of yet.
More information can be found at United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Inspection Services.
RRD will vigorously support compliance to the Lacey Act as well as all applicable environmental laws and regulations. We have informed all of our suppliers that we expect total compliance relative to materials that we source.
RRD has implemented a supplier declaration system so that our suppliers can certify compliance with Lacey Act, as well as certify compliance with other applicable environmental or product safety regulations. In addition to this web-based declaration system, RRD has also developed a comprehensive program for compliance with the Lacey Act. This program establishes roles and responsibilities for communicating, collecting, and auditing or testing vendor compliance. It also outlines training and documentation requirements for all RRD employees involved in the sourcing process. Further detail regarding this process can be provided to our customers upon request.
The Scope of RRD’s Responsibility
It is RRD’s responsibility to take “due care” to check that materials we import, export, transport, sell, receive, acquire or purchase are obtained legally. RRD will be responsible for verifying Lacey compliance for the paper and other forest products that we directly source. In the case of customer controlled paper (customer purchased or customer directed) the compliance verification will be the responsibility of the customer.